India clears weather ahead of Copenhagen climate summit – Politics/Nation-News-The Economic Times

Published November 19, 2009 by tweetingdonal

NEW DELHI: With a political statementon the anvil in Copenhagen, India put forward its contribution to the mitigationstrategy in dealing with climate change.

While indicating that itwas willing to be “part of a solution” , New Delhi has reiteratedthat developed countries will have to take on binding targets.

Whileacknowledging that India could be a big polluter considering its largepopulation and growing economy, New Delhi has said it would ensure that its percapita emissions never exceed that of developed countries.

“India’s per capita emissions are now around 1.2 tonnesof CO2 equivalent and are expected to be around 2-2 .5 tonnes by 2020 and 3-3 .5tonnes by 2030. The per capita limit is an onerous binding that India hasimposed on itself,” said Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh.

The only concession that India was willing to make was on submittinga national communication on climate change actions and their impact on emissionsevery two years. In keeping with the offer first made in September by theminister , India has suggested that the national communication could be used asa basis for international consultations.

“This will more thanmeet the demand for internationalisation of domestic commitments and obligationstaken on unilaterally. The format of reporting could be decided by the UNFCCCafter discussions and consensus among parties,” Mr Ramesh submitted.

The government could find it difficult to sell this line to the domestic audience as a section has been seeing it as the first step towards accepting international monitoring of establishments funded with domestic resources. But the government leadership has been arguing that national communication and per capita emission limits will help the country counter pressure from the developed world to accept legally binding emission limits.

Another plank of India’s mitigation strategy is the proposal to convert some of the nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA) into nationally accountable mitigation outcomes (NAMO).

This will be undertaken both through executive or legislative action. This effort would mean indicating specific performance targets in industry, energy, transport,agriculture, buildings and forestry for 2020 and 2030.

These actions will be derived from the National Action Plan on Climate Change and Eleventh Plan document. As early as September, Mr Ramesh had announced that the government was considering bringing a legislation that would broadly indicate targets. There is no forward movement on this as there was political oppositionto the proposal.

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